Diamond has the ability to produce more brilliance and allure than any other gemstone, thus making it a very desirable stone to own. It is also the most durable gemstone known in the world, so its durability is considered of exceptional value in terms of the stone’s lifespan. Finding a diamond that is free of inclusions with little surface blemishes is rare and ultimately makes this stone very valuable.
Because this gem is so popular and is produced in many fashions, choosing the right stone for you should take time, as it is a big financial investment. When considering different diamond rings, remember “The Four Cs of Gemstones” to help you choose:
Color: Diamonds occur naturally in a variety of colors, though many of the popular stones are in the white range. The Gemological Institute of America rates the body color in white diamonds from D (colorless) to Z (light yellow), with the D category being the most desirable – the easier it is for light to pass through the stone, the higher its value.
Clarity: A diamond’s clarity is determined by its number of flaws or blemishes and where they are located on the stone when viewed under 10-power (10x) magnification. GIA rates clarity grades in diamonds from “flawless” to “imperfect.” The majority of diamonds contain very tiny birthmarks known as inclusions, which can prevent some light from passing through the stone. The fewer the inclusions, the more beautiful the diamond will be.
Cut: When it comes to the cut of the diamond, it is more important to take into account the proportions, rather than simply its shape. No matter what the style, it is important to find a stone that is cut in a way that allows the maximum amount of light to enter its surface and reflect/disperse back through. Some stones may be cut too shallow or too deep, which can alter its brilliance. Many popular cut styles include emerald, heart, marquise, princess, pear, briolette, baguette, oval, radiant and round.
Carat: With diamonds, the price per carat does rise with increasing size, as larger stones are more rare and thus more sought after. The carat-weight of a diamond is the easiest measurement to determine – one carat is divided into 100 points, so that a diamond of 75 points weights 0.75 carats. Two diamonds can be of equal carat-weight, but their value can differ greatly due to the other three factors of “The Four Cs.”